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  • Profile picture of Abhijeet Chavan
    Abhijeet Chavan
    Scholar

    Abhijeet Chavan is co-founder and co-editor-in-chief of Planetizen and the executive producer of Planetizen Courses. He is also the chief technology officer of Urban Insight, Inc., the technology consulting firm that operates Planetizen. Abhijeet Chavan has over 20 years of technology consulting experience working with government, higher education, legal services, and non-profit clients. Abhijeet is the founder of OpenAdvocate and the creator of DLAW web platform, WriteClearly plain-language authoring tool and ReadClearly legal web glossaries. Abhijeet previously coordinated geographic information (GIS), software development, and data projects for the Imaging Systems Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He also served as the information technology coordinator for the East St. Louis Action Research Project, a cross-disciplinary initiative of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign working with residents and community groups in severely distressed urban areas.Abhijeet received his Master of Architecture (M. Arch) and Master of Landscape Architecture (M.L.A) degrees from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

    Scholar
  • Profile picture of Ada Shen-Jaffe
    Ada Shen-Jaffe
    Advocate

    Ada Shen-Jaffe is a longtime national leader in civil legal aid with over 35 years of experience in executive leadership of statewide and national initiatives.  She currently serves as a leadership, racial justice, and equity consultant, trainer, and coach as well as an organizational strategist.

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Alex Doolittle
    Alex Doolittle
    Advocate

    Alex Doolittle is the Executive Director of Seattle Community Law Center, a civil legal aid program in Washington State focused on providing accessible legal advocacy to people living with physical and mental disabilities so that they may obtain the resources necessary to overcome barriers to financial and medical stability.  Prior to her leadership role, Alex represented hundreds of people in Social Security matters.  Alex utilizes her law degree as a tool to give a voice to individuals and entities that traditionally do not have a voice in the law. She has worked to help clients stand-up for their rights in state and federal court as well as in administrative venues to enforce the First Amendment, the ADA, WA Growth Management Act, WA Shoreline Management Act, and the Social Security Act.

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Amanda Almeda
    Amanda Almeda
    Advocate

    Berkeley Law student

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Andrew Kashyap
    Andrew Kashyap
    Advocate

    Andrew Kashyap is a Senior Attorney at Legal Voice, a progressive feminist organization using the power of the law to make change in the Northwest.

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Aneel Chablani
    Aneel Chablani
    Advocate

    Advocacy Director, Chicago Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Anne Erickson
    Anne Erickson
    Advocate

    Anne Erickson is the President and CEO of Empire Justice Center.  She has been with Empire Justice since 1989, starting out as a policy analyst and legislative coordinator. Anne has overseen the transformation of the organization, guiding its merger with the Public Interest Law Office of Rochester, expanding its White Plains office and opening a new office on Long Island. She has put together a solid management team and has strategically combined the two organizations, aligning staff into five major practice groups: Consumer, Housing, C.A.S.H. and Community Development; Civil Rights, Education and Employment; Disability Benefits; Immigrants and Immigrant Rights; and Public Benefits, Health and Family.

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Anne Lee
    Anne Lee
    Advocate

    Anne Lee is the Executive Director of TeamChild, a statewide nonprofit organization in Washington providing legal representation and advocacy for children and youth who are at risk of juvenile court involvement. TeamChild helps young people obtain education, mental and medical health services, housing and other support.

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Anne Paxton
    Anne Paxton
    Advocate

    Anne Paxton is  director of ProForum, the educational non-profit that  sponsors the Social Justice Film Festival, and a staff attorney at the Unemployment Law Project, a legal aid organization. Anne has helped produce films of social conscience since 2005 with a special emphasis on human rights. Causes include prisoner literacy (Books to Prisoners), cleft palate surgery in Guatemala (Hearts in Motion), the boycott/divestment/sanctions campaign in support of Palestine (Pressure Points), sustainability curriculum (Facing the Future), and Basic Health Care (Northwest  Health Law Advocates).

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Anne Price
    Anne Price
    Scholar

    Anne Price is President of Insight Center, a national research and economic justice organization working to ensure that all people become and remain economically secure. Anne has spent over 20 years working in the public sector on issues including child welfare, hunger, welfare reform, workforce development, community development, and higher education. Since 2011, Anne has led the Closing the Racial Wealth Gap initiative at the Insight Center, elevating the voices and opinions of experts of color in national economic debates and policy making. Her tireless work has brought the issue of the racial wealth gap into mainstream consciousness and vernacular with an explosion of media coverage of the data and research quantifying racial differences in wealth accumulation.

    Scholar
  • Profile picture of AprilFS
    April Faith-Slaker
    Scholar

    Researcher and access to justice enthusiast, working at the Access to Justice Lab located at Harvard Law School.

    Scholar
  • Profile picture of Athena Fan
    Athena Fan
    Advocate

    Inaugural American Bar Association NextGen Fellow 2017-18. Tweet at me @AthenaFanLT.

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Aurora
    Aurora Martin
    Advocate

    Founder of PopUpJustice and IthinkSAM. Former Executive Director of Columbia Legal Services, a statewide nonprofit civil legal aid program in Washington State.

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Becky Gould
    Becky Gould
    Advocate

    Becky Gould is the Executive Director of Nebraska Appleseed, a nonprofit organization that fights for justice and opportunity for all Nebraskans. We take a systemic approach to complex issues – such as child welfare, immigration policy, affordable healthcare and poverty – and we take our work wherever we believe we can do the most good, whether that’s at the courthouse, in the statehouse or in the community.

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of Bernardo Cruz
    Bernardo Cruz
    Advocate

    Bernardo Cruz is a staff attorney at Columbia Legal Services, focused on advocacy on behalf of low wage workers especially immigrants and farm workers.

    Advocate
  • Profile picture of biw226
    http://www.vsmilecadcamzirconia.com/dental-pmma/acetal-dental/
    Scholar

    Zirconia: Taking Dental Restorations to the Next Level Since the introduction of porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns in the 1960s, the dental industry has sought materials with both the esthetic value of porcelain, and the strength of noble metals to withstand the pressure of posterior occlusal forces. Glass-ceramic materials that came along in the 1980s were confined to use on anterior teeth. In the early 2000s, researchers found that a toughened version of the metal zirconia met the strength requirements needed for posterior teeth, although the esthetics of the material left much to be desired. Today, with improved technology, zirconia now rivals PFMs and all-ceramic restorations both for strength and beauty. A member of the titanium family of metals, zirconia has multi-industry uses and is ideal for use in both anterior and posterior crowns where it fulfills functional requirements and can be custom shaded for quality esthetics. Advantages Zirconia is now the preferred material for crown and bridge fabrication, including implant-supported restorations. These are replacing metal-based restoration as the choice of most dentists, lab technicians, and patients. Because it can withstand occlusal forces without causing wear on opposing teeth, the material has quickly replaced full-metal and PFM’s as the material of choice. Zirconia is more wear resistant than gold, retaining its shape and resisting the tendency to crack and erode by patients who brux. The flex strength value (MPa) of zirconia is more than twice that of traditional lithium disilicate (glass-ceramic) making it the ideal material for posterior crowns and bridges. Recent Article: Benefits of Digitally Planned Implant Placement While there is, as always with innovative technology, a learning curve for dentists new to working with zirconia, the techniques for tooth preparations is basically the same as for porcelain and glass ceramic materials. A more conservative preparation of the patient’s original tooth structure is a distinct advantage. With zirconia, clearance may be as little as 1 mm, while lithium disilicate materials require 1.5 to 2mm and will not be as strong. A thicker chamfer is preferable to a feathered margin to provide for minimum thickness at the margin while retaining the ability to taper it to the prep. Traditional impressions or digital impressions can be used with equal success. Concerns As with all new materials and technology, dental zirconia does have its drawbacks. Many dentists are hesitant to use zirconia because there are fewer long-term research studies to assess its properties and compare the longevity of the material to gold, porcelain, and lithium disilicate. However, the studies completed thus far all reflect positively on the future of zirconia crowns. There is also a lack of ability to bond the material to the preps. Though, that might be seen as an advantage by some, since only cement is needed to permanently seat the restoration. The hardness, while certainly considered one of zirconia’s advantages, might be a disadvantage when having to remove or access through them for endodontic treatment. Recent Article: Why You Should Go Digital With IOS Dentistry Chairside adjustments, while usually minimal, must be made safely, using diamond burs at slow speed with copious amounts of water, polishing wheels, and cones specifically designed for use with zirconia. Do not use carbide burs or diamonds at high-speed for adjustments due to microscopic fractures that can occur from the impact of the burs on the material. Ready to Try? The future of zirconia use in dentistry is unlimited. Gold and other noble metals used for decades are slowly dying out due to not only prohibitive cost, but also lack of demand by consumers. Zirconia more than fills that gap. Researchers continually improve the translucency of these restorations, making them legitimate rivals to all-ceramic for beauty and surpassing other dental materials for strength and durability. Here are First Choice Dental Lab, we specialize in all types of zirconia restorations, including full-contour and esthetic anterior. Ship us your case today by clicking HERE, or send digital scans HERE to give zirconia restorations a try! Want to learn more? Complete the form below and let us help you plan your next restoration! Pre shaded zirconia has become popular with dental laboratories due to the time-savings and shade consistency the base shade provides. With pre-shaded zirconia there is no need for laboratory technicians to shade each unit in the green stage, saving production time and freeing them up to produce more units. However, standard pre-shaded zirconia systems require the dental laboratory to stock an inventory of 16 shades, each in a large selection of disc thicknesses to cover all unit shades and sizes. Furthermore, you can mill only one shade at a time, thus tying up your mill. The ArgenZ Anterior Value Shaded Disc System is a collection of pre-shaded super translucent zirconia that covers all 16 shades of the VITA Classic shade guide with just six value-shaded discs. Each disc covers 2-3 shades based on value and chroma, requiring much less inventory and mill time. No green stage shading is required. You simply design, mill, sinter, and stain and glaze. The discs are as follows:? Disc 1: Shades A1, B1? Disc 2: Shades A2, B2, A3? Disc 3: Shades C1, D2? Disc 4: Shades C2, D3, D4? Disc 5: Shades A3.5, B3, B4? Disc 6: Shades A4, C3, C4 Hue and Chroma Shading Similar to the 16-disc shade systems, each ArgenZ Anterior Value Shade Disc group will be approximately one-half shade lighter than the lightest shade in that group. This makes it easy for the technician to change hue, adjust chroma intensity, and create a good incisal transition zone with external chroma stains. Value Traditional all ceramic systems are low in value, especially the light high value shades such as A1. The ArgenZ Anterior Value Shaded System is formulated to deliver a true value to match the guide. Incisal Translucency and Appearance The translucency of ArgenZ Anterior and the additional light refraction from the cubic ZR phase results in a natural incisal translucency requiring little to no incisal staining. Units with thicker incisals may require some minor incisal enhancement with incisal enhancement stains. Stain and glaze system Many companies make a low fusing fluorescent stain-and-glaze system designed primarily for all-ceramic systems. The most important stains in the kits are the A, B, C, and D chroma stains. These stains are essential to stain up to the next chroma or shade level in each shade group. Incisal stains or intensive blue stains can be customized with black, white, or violet to make any incisal enhancement color needed. Firing Temperatures Stains do not penetrate zirconia, so it is not necessary to fire above 800°C. The systems the author uses allow stains to be fired at 750°C (fully melting) and glazes to be fired at 730°C. Die Shading System Units must be seated on a die for final staining to match the shade guide. Due to the translucency of anterior zirconia, the final shade is slightly affected by light diffusion and the color of the underlying die and preparation. The anterior unit will appear to have a higher value and slightly more chroma when seated on a die. Using a die color coating system to match preparation shades (stump shades) is recommended. Preparation coloring systems contain a variety of colors to match light to dark shades. If you do not have guidance on preparation colors (picture or preparation shade), match the die shade color to the prescribed base shade. Glass Ceramic Materials Glass ceramic materials have the same chemical compositions as glasses but differ from them in that they are typically 95-98% crystalline by volume, with only a small percentage vitreous. The crystals themselves are generally very small, less than 1μm and most often very uniform in size. Furthermore, due to their crystallinity and network of grain boundaries, they are no longer transparent. Production of Glass Ceramic Materials Glass ceramic components are formed using the same processes that are applicable to glass components. To convert them from a vitreous glass material into a crystalline glass ceramic material they must be heat treated or devitrified. Devitrification can occur spontaneously during cooling or in service, but is most commonly incorporated to produce glass ceramics. It involves heating the formed glass product to a temperature high enough to stimulate crystals to nucleate throughout the glass. The temperature is then increased, which induces growth of the nuclei, crystallising the remaining glass. Nucleation requires a critical number of atoms converging to form a nucleus. When the nucleus reaches critical size, nucleation occurs. In many glass compositions, nucleation is hampered by the fact the material is silica-based and highly viscous, making it difficult for the required atoms to come together. The crystal compositions can also be complex making nucleation difficult. These factors aid glass forming and cooling without crystallisation. The devitrification heat treatment must be carefully controlled to ensure the maximum number of nuclei are formed and that these nuclei grow into a uniform fine crystal structure. In order to obtain a high concentration of nuclei throughout the structure, it is common to add a nucleating agent to the glass composition. How are resin frameworks made? CAD design software is used to design the framework and then it is milled out using milling machines. The resin clasps engage the origin of the undercut rather than the terminal third to allow three to four times the retention of metal. In addition to a superior esthetic color, the resin clasps can be placed more gingival, further increasing its natural appearance. Acetal dental can also be used for tooth shaded clasps on acrylic partials as well as a single and two tooth posterior unilateral partials. The latter situation is a great way to make an interim partial for a patient having implants placed. For these reasons, we believe in recommending acetal resin to other dentists and our customers. It’s a strong, versatile material that has proven to be superior to using metal clasps and frameworks. We are committed to researching and finding the best products for our dentists. Roland DGA Corporation’s three Diamond-Coated Dental Milling Burs, meant to be used with Roland’s DXW-50 zirconia milling machine, are specially engineered for precise performance, maximum durability, and longer life. Extensively tested for tolerances, Roland’s new milling burs are available in three different sizes – 2 mm, 1 mm and 0.8 mm – allowing dental professionals to choose an ideal tool for every milling strategy. The proprietary design of every Roland Diamond-Coated Dental Milling Bur enables the user to produce up to 10 times the number of units that can be milled with a standard carbide model. Because they are fully compatible with Roland’s existing carbide tools, users can switch to the new tools without any changes in the CAM software, making the upgrade a true “plug-n-play” solution.  

  • Profile picture of ble6886
    http://www.xylinenclothing.com/ladies-linen/linen-ladies-suit/
    Scholar

    Best Men's Linen Shirts and How to Wear Them Linen fabric has long been a durable, dependable summer-friendly fabric made from the flax plant. According to Encyclopedia Britannica: “Flax is one of the oldest textile fibers used by humans; evidence of its use has been found in Switzerland’s prehistoric lake dwellings. Fine linen fabrics have been discovered in ancient Egyptian tombs.” Thanks to its ability to conduct heat well by absorbing and releasing moisture quickly, garments and fabrics made from linen feel cooler in warmer months, making them the ideal option for men looking to elevate their style above the ofttimes chosen cotton t-shirt. This is why come summertime, you'll see linen pants, a blazer, a jacket, and even a full on linen suit - the breathability of pure linen natural fiber makes linen shirts a classic menswear staple for the warm weather wardrobe. Whether it be for a special occasion, that extra hot summer day, or even everyday wear, there seems to only be one real drawback of natural fabric texture Wrinkles. It's time you forget what you’ve been told about the fiber from flax you know as linen. Times have changed, and it's time to appreciate the very look and nature of the loosely woven classic fabric. The wrinkles of linen are actually what make it great. When someone wears the flowy fabric, it’s showing an ease – a comfort in wearing a fabric that couldn’t be too formal if it tried. Sure, suits and dress shirts can be found frequently made from linen, but its inherent qualities keep it apart from a tightly woven super 150’s wool-silk or a 100% Egyptian cotton broadcloth. How to Wear Linen Men's Shirts Introducing a linen shirt into your wardrobe – warm weather wardrobe, everyday wear, or somewhere in between – might seem intimidating. If you are used to swapping out your button front shirts for a simple polo style, then you can easily grab one of these and wear it just about the same way. Do: Wear it untucked, with casual jeans, chinos, or shorts whenever you feel the need to be cool - both literally and figuratively. Don’t: Take it too seriously. Relax. There is a common misconception that linen is an unforgiving luxury fabric that needs to be reserved for a special occasion. That is simply not true. Linen can be washed and dried just like all of your other clothes (although always read washing instructions) so it should be worn like all your other clothes. Do: Consider wearing it into the fall. Much like linen sheets (we are a big fan), linen clothing is actually great to incorporate into your cold weather wardrobe as well. It’s a sturdy fabric that can actually help regulate temperature all year long, not just during the hot summer days. Don’t: Overthink it. Pick a style that you think you would wear and then go for it. The nature of this style is to be lightweight and airy, so don’t go for anything too “slim fit.” Fabric does stretch out a bit over time, but you should still aim to buy the size that fits you naturally. If you want to feel safe, grab a solid option and ease into the stye. If you’re looking to dive into the deep end of this trend, go for a bold floral print that will surely get you noticed. If you are feeling somewhere in between, don’t worry, there are plenty of options for you guys too. We’ve picked out 11 men's linen shirts that we think that you should take a serious look at for the warm temperatures that remain. Why is linen sustainable? Linen has been the slow burn in a notoriously fickle fashion industry, but the latest figures show that more and more labels are loving it and using it more. 64% of brands used linen to a great extent for the first time - Dior, Fendi, Louis Vuitton 28% were large brands - Fendi, Stella McCartney, Maison Margiela, etc. 49% of designers showcased at least one linen look in their collection (i.e. 18.6% of designers vs. 12.5% in 2020)* Ladies linen is a much more sustainable fabric than cotton, even organic cotton. This is for a few reasons: Linen is made from flax, which is a regenerative crop that enriches the soil. It uses a lot less water than cotton. A linen shirt uses 6.4 litres of water - it's 26 litres for a cotton shirt, according to the CELC (European Confederation of Flax and Hemp). Most flax is grown in northern Europe - France, Belgium and The Netherlands account for 85% of world production - which cuts down the air miles for the European fashion industry. Thanks to its temperature-regulating properties, it can be worn comfortably all year round. Linen's fibres are much longer lasting than cotton, which makes it more expensive to produce but it will last much longer in your wardrobe. It is an anti-bacterial fabric which means you don't need to wash it as often. There's no plastic in this natural material, so no microplastics will be washed into the sea when you wash i. How to Wear a Linen Suit It happens year after year: every single summer you get invited to a wedding and every single summer it gets uncomfortably hot. You could just keep wearing your regular office-friendly wool suit, sweat through it, send it to the dry cleaner, and repeat. Or you can buy a L linen ladies suit. Here is the good news: There are linen suits all over the place right now, at every price and every cut, and they’re very good. Here is the better news: there are more reasons than ever to grab one. People are dressing more comfortably, but also more elegantly! People are consuming more sustainably! People are wearing suits because they actually want to! It’s time for the linen suit. Before you scroll down or run off and buy your perfect linen suit, here are some thoughts on the best way to wear one. First, there might be a point in the dressing room, or when you decant your online order, where you doubt this whole thing. You’ll think of retired guys drinking mojitos on vacation. You’ll think of drunk idiots at the Kentucky Derby. You’ll think that this was a bad idea. Banish these images from your mind and instead of focus on the image of a rakish Italian street style star, or Seth Rogen on the cover of GQ. Imagine yourself as someone who is eternally on vacation, Moondog-style, instead of someone who only takes one once a year and then gets a sunburn. Next, make sure your suit fits you well in the shoulders—which is the one feature of a suit that’s basically impossible to mess with—and, assuming it does, take it directly to the tailor. It doesn’t matter if you’re wearing your suits baggy and easy or slim and tidy these days, it still needs to fit well. Linen loses its shape the moment you look at it. If it doesn’t look good at 8am, it’s sure as hell not going to look good at 8pm. Finally, don’t turn into Jay Gatsby. Just because you’re wearing a linen men's suit doesn’t mean you need to go full “gentleman at a lawn party.” Unless you’re actually attending some grand outdoor event, you might just look like a rogue groomsman. Yes, lightweight suits look good with lightweight clothes. Yes, light colors look good with other light colors. But don’t lose your mind with vests, suspenders, and light pink ties. A simple crewneck T-shirt and some leather dress shoes usually does the trick. Wear a pinky ring and some ribbed socks if you want to be a little extra. Or jazz your suit up with one of those printed camp-collar shirts and a pair of canvas sneakers. Mojito-guy would never wear that.  

  • Profile picture of Bonnie Allen
    Bonnie Allen
    Scholar

    Bonnie Allen became executive director of Chicago Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights in December 2015. Prior to joining Chicago Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights, Bonnie was the principal of Choose-Change, a consulting practice focused on strategic planning, fundraising, and leadership development. Her clients included the Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law, Legal Council for Health Justice, the New Mexico Center on Law and Poverty, and the Florida Bar Foundation. Previously, Bonnie served as development director at the Mississippi Center for Justice, executive director of the Center for Law and Renewal at the Fetzer Institute, co-director of the Project for the Future of Equal Justice at the National Legal Aid and Defender Association, and director of the ABA Center for Pro Bono. A graduate of Rhodes College and the University of Florida College of Law, Bonnie started her legal career as an appellate court law clerk in Florida and practiced civil litigation in Tampa. Bonnie left private practice in 1993 to follow her passion – formed out of her experiences growing up in the segregated South - to pursue a career in social justice law. Bonnie taught ethics and professional responsibility at the University of Maryland School of Law, and has published numerous journal articles on the topics of community lawyering, leadership, and ethics. Bonnie also holds a Master’s Degree in Theological Studies from Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary, and she serves on the board of the Center for Courage and Renewal.

    Scholar
  • Profile picture of bstone
    Briana Stone
    Advocate

    I am a former civil rights litigator now working on public policy in Texas, mostly related to access to justice and language access in courts. That said, I am interested in all the important work that all of you are doing and look forward to connecting with other scholars and advocates here.

  • Profile picture of Carol Ashley
    Carol Ashley
    Advocate

    Carol Ashley is a civil rights attorney and serves as the Enforcement Director, Office of Civil Rights - U.S. Department of Education.

    Advocate